Black History Month is an annual observance in the United States, Canada, and other countries around the world, dedicated to celebrating the achievements, contributions, and history of Black individuals and communities. It is typically observed during the month of February in the United States and Canada.
The origins of Black History Month can be traced back to the efforts of historian Carter G. Woodson and the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History. They established "Negro History Week" in 1926, choosing the second week of February to coincide with the birthdays of Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass, two key figures in African American history.
Over time, the week-long celebration expanded into a month-long observance, officially becoming Black History Month in the United States in 1976. It provides an opportunity to recognize the significant contributions of Black individuals in various fields, including science, literature, art, politics, and civil rights.
During Black History Month, educational institutions, community organizations, and cultural institutions often host events, exhibitions, and discussions to highlight and honor the achievements and contributions of Black people throughout history. The month also serves as a time for reflection on the ongoing struggle for racial equality and justice. It is a chance for individuals to deepen their understanding of Black history and culture and to promote inclusivity and diversity.