Labor Day is a national holiday in the United States and Canada that is celebrated on the first Monday in September. It is a day dedicated to honoring and celebrating the labor movement and the contributions of workers to the development and achievements of their respective countries.
The holiday has its origins in the labor union movement, particularly the labor strikes and protests of the late 19th century. One of the most significant events leading to the establishment of Labor Day was the Haymarket Affair in Chicago in 1886, during which a peaceful labor rally turned violent, resulting in the deaths of several police officers and civilians. In response to these events and as a way to recognize the labor movement, Labor Day was officially recognized as a federal holiday in the United States in 1894.
Labor Day is typically celebrated with various activities and events, including parades, picnics, barbecues, and outdoor gatherings. It also marks the unofficial end of summer in the United States, and for many, it's a long weekend that offers one last opportunity for outdoor recreation before the fall season begins.
In addition to the United States and Canada, many other countries around the world have their own versions of Labor Day or similar holidays dedicated to workers' rights and labor movements, although the dates and specific customs can vary.